Nocardiosis is an gram- positive, aerobic Actinomycete caused by a bacteria originally discovered by Edmond Nocard. This bacteria is commonly found in soil and water, and is known to affect the brain, lungs, and skin. This bacteria is usually found in areas of decay, such as standing water, decaying plants, and soils. It can be transmitted to humans by inhaling contaminated dust particulates, or getting some infected dirt into an open wound. Most often Nocardiosis will show up as a lung infection, and can rapidly spread throughout the body.
The man who discovered Nocardia, Edmond Nocard, was a French veterinarian and microbiologist born in 1850. Nocard went to veterinary school in France, and eventually joined the army in 1871. In 1978, he became the professor of pathology and clinical surgery. Nocard went on to become an assistant in the lab of Louis Pasteur. He helped in many experiments, including anthrax vaccinations in animals. He travelled to Egypt to isolate Cholera, but was unsuccessful. He eventually went on to develop techniques such as harvesting blood serum, creating new culture media for bacillus of T.B., and introduced anesthesia of large animals with chloro hydrate. Nocard’s main medical contribution was the of Nocardia, originally named Streptothrix farcinica, which tends to manifest itself in bovine, but can be found in humans as well. Edmond was rewarded in 1887 for his scientific discoveries, with the title director of the school, and he was given chair of Pasteur Institute.
“Edmond Nocard.’ Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. 23 Jan. 2019. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmond_Nocard
“History of Bovine TB.’ TB Free England. 23 Jan. 2019. https://www.tbfreeengland.co.uk/assets/4148
“Nocardosis” Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 23 Jan. 2019. https://www.cdc.gov /nocardosis/transmission/index.html.